domingo, 22 de diciembre de 2019

411. Prana Mudra



Prana hand mudra yoga is another widely practiced mudra for the treatment of diseases.
Instruction Steps For Prana Mudra:
·        It is done with the help of both the hands.




·        Tips of ring plus little finger have to be joined by the lean of thumb.
·        All other fingers must be extended straight.
·        Prana mudra alters the energy in the body, making you fit in conscious breathing by your hand mudra practice.
·        Take profound and regular breathing.
·        Breathe in and exhale for same duration.
·        You can sing the mantra sound ‘So-hum’. Chant ‘so’ on inhale and ‘humm’ on exhale.
·        Although at start you will discover it hard to chant plus inhale-exhale simultaneous., with practice you can perfect it.
·        Perform the inhale and breathe out (by sound chanting) for continuous 20-30 times.
·        Now try to focus on your mind.
·        You will sense a sudden vibration in your body, a likely situation where your body feels like floating.
·        All of a sudden, you will feel some immediate result of prana mudra. You will be invigorated and feel good.








Duration For Prana Mudra:
30 to 45 minutes of normal practice is sufficient to obtain the perfect result.



miércoles, 27 de noviembre de 2019

419. TRANSLATION EXERCISE


Translating is a good way to remember the verb tenses, expressions and vocabulary.
First translate the sentences without looking at the solution, and later you can compare it with my translation.
If you have any questions, ask me

And remember...it´s also good to listen to the lyrics of songs. It´s fun.

See solution below

1. Era mas fácil de lo que pensaba
2. Ojala pudiera ir contigo
3. Comimos una tarta al final de la reunión
4. Al final no fuimos en avión
5. Que hubieras hecho tu? 
6. No le hubiera dicho nada
7. Que guitarra mas bonita! Cuanto tiempo la tienes?
8. Sabes tocar? Un poco
9. Me hubiera ido con ellos, pero tenia que cuidar a mi madre unos días
10. Que te has comprado? Solamente unas cuantas cosas
11. Lo le hagas caso. No sabe lo que dice
12. No hace tanto frío
13. Lo que te hace falta es tomarte unos días libres
14. Has estado trabajando demasiado
15. No te hubiera llamado, pero tenia que decirte algo
16. Me haces un café? 
17. Aun no se que comprarte. Ni yo
18. Ya se está haciendo de noche
19. Quieres salir esta noche?
20. Pues....si. Me apetece ir al cine y después tomar algo




Listen to this great song: It´s my life
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9SKFwtgUJHs



Solution

1. It was easier than I thought
2. I wish I could go with you
3. We ate a cake at the end of the meeting
4. In the end we didn´t go by plane
5. What would you have done?
6. I wouldn´t have told her anything
7. What a nice guitar! How long do you have it?
8. Can you play? A little
9. I would have gone with them, but I had to look after my mom for a few days
10. What did you buy? Just a few things
11. Don´t pay attention to him. He doesn´t know what he´s saying
12. It´s not so cold
13. What you need is to take some days off
14. You´ve been working too much
15. I wouldn´t have called you, but I had to tell you something
16. Will you make me a coffee?
17. I still don´t know what to buy you. Neither do I
18. It´s already getting dark
19. Do you want to go out tonight?
20. Well...yes. I feel like going to the movies (cinema) and later have a drink

martes, 19 de noviembre de 2019

416. LISTENING PRACTICE

It´s so important to read, listen and speak in English to get the feeling of the English language.
It´s fun to learn expressions because people use them all the time.


Listening 1

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZmOgNJGWYTo




Listening 2

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IW7IssCKgmI



Listening 3
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9pFeMKZR1I




Listening 4

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=235MNImhIko


martes, 12 de noviembre de 2019

415. Curious News about Chocolate


I wonder who doesn´t like to eat chocolate. I love all kinds of chocolate, but dark chocolate is my favorite. People say that dark chocolate can make you feel happy.
Well, it makes me feel so good....especially when I eat very dark chocolate.





I also love drinking hot chocolate every now and then in the morning



So, do you think that chocolate is good for your health?
Well, I don´t think it´s bad if you eat a few pieces, and not the whole package.
And, it´s also a good idea to brush your teeth after eating chocolate in order not to have any cavities and have to make an appointment to see the dentist.

Anyway, the rest of this article was written by the author below the text

A number of studies show the benefits of dark chocolate.
Daily consumption of dark chocolate can reduce LDL ("bad cholesterol") levels. Chocolate can help reduce the risk of heart disease by as much as 30 percent, and the risk of dying from a stroke by nearly 50 percent. Studies even show that eating chocolate at least once per week can improve cognitive functioning.

Does that make dark chocolate sound like a superfood? 
Maybe so--especially when you factor in the effect eating dark chocolate can have on how happy you feel.
Recent research from University College London studied over 13,000 people and found that individuals who reported eating any dark chocolate in two 24-hour periods were 70 percent less likely to report clinically-relevant depressive symptoms than those who ate no chocolate at all.

Or in non-research-speak, eating dark chocolate can make you feel happier.
How? Dark chocolate contains psychoactive ingredients that produce feel-good results; one is phenylethylamine, a neuromodulator that helps regulate mood. Plus, dark chocolate contains a higher concentration of antioxidants that reduce inflammation, a condition linked to the onset of depression.

But before you reach for a candy bar, keep in mind there's a catch: All participants ate half an ounce of chocolate per day.
And there's another catch: If you're watching your weight, even a small amount of chocolate has a calorie impact.

A half-ounce of dark chocolate typically contains between 70 and 80 calories, depending on the percentage of cacao solids, the paste that results from fermenting, roasting, and crushing cocoa beans. The cacao then gets mixed with other ingredients like milk and sugar to produce a wide range of chocolates.
While "dark chocolate" can contain as little as 45 to 50 percent cacao solids, research shows the greatest benefits come from dark chocolates containing at least 60 percent cacao solids.

And there's one more catch, but this time a good one. Since some dark chocolates contain as much as 85 percent cacao solids, you might be tempted to think venturing way over into the dark side will make you even happier. 
Yet the evidence suggests mood improvements only occur if you enjoy the chocolate you eat, suggesting the experience of eating the chocolate is a factor as well.

Sure, the chemical ingredients can make an impact. But so can the taste.
All of which means the relationship between dark chocolate and mood may be more correlated than causal. As the researchers say:
This study provides some evidence that consumption of chocolate, particularly dark chocolate, may be associated with reduced odds of clinically relevant depressive symptoms. 
However, further research is required to clarify the direction of causation--it could be the case that depression causes people to lose their interest in eating chocolate, or there could be other factors that make people both less likely to eat dark chocolate and to be depressed.

But then again, past studies found that consuming chocolate may help improve your mood and make you feel calmer and more content, partly because dark chocolate stimulates the production of endorphins, the chemicals in the brain that create feelings of pleasure. And dark chocolate also contains serotonin, an antidepressant that can elevate mood.

The technical article was written by Jeff Haden, 2019

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rWy1w7WXeq0



Vocabulary

Every now and then  = de vez en cuando
Whole = entero
In order no to  = para no
Cavities  = caries
Make an appointment
Stroke  = infarto
Al least  = por lo menos
Keep in mind  = tener en cuenta
Catch  = trampa
Mood = estado de ánimo

lunes, 11 de noviembre de 2019

414. SPAIN UNITED



The problem with Spain today and for a very long time is that Spain has never really been United as a country and people don´t seem to feel very proud of their great country.
In my opinion, Spain is one of the greatest countries in the world, and its rich history proves it.
Spaniards speak the same language. Spanish people are friendly. It´s a beautiful country and it has the best food in the world...so where´s problem?

The most important reason is because the Spanish national anthem doesn´t have any words, only music.
How can Spaniards express their feelings and their sorrows? 
They need to sing their national anthem like other countries in the world?
How can they be proud, be patriotic and feel hope of their country if they can´t sing it?

THIS IS AND HAS BEEN THE PROBLEM IN SPAIN FOR A VERY LONG TIME 

The U.S.A. National Anthem has words and Americans love to sing it before a football, baseball game, a basketball game or any other important events.
IT UNITES PEOPLE and they feel patriotic and they love their country.
It gives the people everything they need to be happy.


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M1wLtAXDgqg



On the other hand, Cataluña also has their own National anthem aside from the the Spanish national anthem......but the difference is that the Catalan anthem HAS WORDS.
People can sing it and it makes them more patriotic, and it unites people.

This is one important reason why there has always been a barrier between Cataluña and the rest of Spain. 
People love to sing because it makes them feel better. It´s more natural to sing than talk so much.
Therefore, this makes the Catalan people feel prouder and more patriotic....which is very important.

Perhaps, this can be a very important reason why there has always been conflicts in Spain. A lot of Spaniards perhaps don´t feel so united and proud of their country.





Valencia also has their own National Anthem. People also feel very proud of being Valencian.



So, what´s the solution to make a Spain United?
It´s obvious, put words to the Spanish National Anthem so people can sing and feel good, happy and proud of being Spanish...and it doesn´t matter what part of Spain people are from.

The beautiful country of Galicia also has their anthem



And let´s not forget the Anthem of Andalucia



And of course, The Euskadi anthem



The people of Spain must unite, feel proud and patriotic and be happy again.
People are not born to suffer, people are born to live a happy and rewarding life in this beautiful and prosperous country called España. 

Spain can be powerful again and make important changes in the lives of people and their way of life. 

Spain needs to hear all the silent Spanish voices sing again. 

Here´s a possible Spanish National Anthem with words:


Or there is this Spanish National Anthem
Perhaps there are people who don´t like it, but it has words which make sense.



viernes, 8 de noviembre de 2019

413. TRANSLATION EXERCISE


He vuelto. He estado haciendo muchas cosas y no tenia tiempo para sentarme y hacer un ejercicio para aquellos que les gustan traducir como otra manera para aprender el uso del ingles.
Este verano hacia mucho calor y no tenia ganas de hacer muchas cosas.

En este momento estoy desayunando mientras estoy haciendo este ejercicio.

Hace mucho viento hoy, pero no tanto como ayer. Por lo menos hace sol.
Madre mia. Ya estamos en Noviembre...y dentro de nada....Navidades.
Como pasa el tiempo!

Espero que la Navidad traiga la Paz y el amor a todo el mundo.

El problema es que siempre hay tantas guerras y muertes casi todos los dias.
También parece que siempre hay tantos conflictos entre personas.
Porqué las personas no pueden simplemente ser feliz y disfrutar de la vida?

Como vivo en España, veo que hay muchos problemas serios en Cataluña también

La mitad de la gente quieren ser independientes de España y la otra mitad no quieren.
Al final, no tengo ni idea que va a pasar. 
Solo se que lo que vi en la tele hace unas semanas, Barcelona parecía que estaba en guerra.













También parece que los Británicos tampoco saben lo que quieren hacer con sus vidas.
De todas formas, creo que jamás se han sentido muy Europeos.  

Desde luego, la razón de tantos conflictos en el mundo,......son los políticos.


que hay sobre el Calentamiento Global?
Aveces me pregunto si la gente se darían cuenta de que la Tierra tiene un problema muy serio y que algún día será demasiado tarde para hacer algo. 





En lugar de conflictos absurdos entre personas en España y en el resto del mundo, deberíamos aprender de vivir en paz y salvar nuestro planeta juntos y unidos

Bueno, ya son las once menos cuarto y voy a traducir el texto al inglés.

Como veis uso expresiones y los diferentes tiempos verbales. Puede que sea un poco difícil, pero así se aprende mas.
Hacer lo que podáis y divertiros.

También es muy importante saber usar correctamente el uso de MAKE y DO. Está en mi blog en algún sitio.

Si tenéis alguna duda...pues preguntarme

Una gran cancion: Imagine


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8yhsxnY0moU








TRANSLATION

I´m back. I´ve been doing a lot of things and I didn´t have time to sit down and make an exercise for those who like to translate as another way to learn the use of English

It was very hot this summer and I didn´t feel like doing many things.

At the moment, I´m having breakfast while I´m doing this exercise.

It´s very windy today, but not as much as yesterday. At least it´s sunny.
Oh my God! It´s already November, and in no time time at all....Christmas.
How time flies!

I hope Christmas brings love and peace to all the world.

The problem is that there are always wars and deaths almost everyday.
It also seems that there are always conflicts among people.
Why can´t people simply just be happy and enjoy life? 

As I live in Spain, I see that there a lot of serious problems in Cataluña as well.

Half the people want to be independent from Spain and the other half don´t want to.
In the end, I have no idea what´s going to happen.
All I know is that what I saw on television a few weeks ago, it seemed that Barcelona was in war.
It also seems that the British people don´t know what to do with their lives either.
Anyway, I don´t think they´ve ever felt very European. 

Of course, the big reason for so many conflicts in the world,........are politicians.


How about Global warming? I sometimes ask myself if people would realize that Earth has a very serious problem, and one day it will be too late to do anything. 


Instead of so many absurd conflicts among people in Spain and the rest of the world, we should learn to live in peace and save our planet together and united.
.

Well, it´s already a quarter to eleven and I´m going to translate the text into English.
As you can see, I use expressions and the different verb tenses.It might be a little difficult, but that´s the way to learn more.   
Do what you can and have fun.

viernes, 26 de julio de 2019

412. A short story: The water pump


A man was lost in the desert...and sooner or later he was going to die of thirst.
But as he walking, he saw an old broken down cabin which had an old rusted water pump.







He began to pump without stopping, but nothing came out.
Then he saw that there was a glass bottle of water with a message next to the water pump.
"Pour the contents of the bottle into the pump to make it work.
Later fill the bottle and leave it in the same place.

At first the man doubted what to do because it just didn´t make any sense.
"How can water come out?"
But of course, if he didn´t do what the message said, he would die of thirst.

In the end, he poured the water of the bottle into the pump.
In the beginning no water came out. He was worried that he would have to drink the liquid in the bottle and he really wasn´t sure what effect it would have on him and make him sick.

But after pumping about a minute, suddenly cold clear fresh water was coming out in abundance.
The man could drink as much as he wanted...and he could even pour water on his head and all over his body until he was compeletly refreshed.

Before leaving, he filled the bottle with water for the next traveler.
But he also added a new message to the bottle:
"Take my advice. It really works!"

This story teaches us that good opportunities don´t come very often.
But when they do come, people tend to have doubts. 
Our insecurities can make us indecisive.
We wait too long to make a decision...and then it´s too late.
If we learn to overcome our fears, then we are free to do whatever we want in life. 

Como veis.La expresion "sooner or later" es al revés en español: "tarde o temprano".
No se puede decir "later or sooner"...jajajaja. 

Tambien hay "phrasal verbs" que hay que aprender si quieres mejorar tu ingles...porque hay muchos.
Y claro: "In the end" = al final

Y hay que saber usar "In the end"...y "At the end". Es facil,
Estoy seguro que hay un tema sobre esto

And remember: "Reach for the stars"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fWjqxBY0R1E



domingo, 14 de julio de 2019

410. Reading: CLIMATE CHANGE


CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE


Glaciers are melting, sea levels are rising, cloud forests are dying, and wildlife is scrambling to keep pace. It has become clear that humans have caused most of the past century's warming by releasing heat-trapping gases as we power our modern lives. Called greenhouse gases, their levels are higher now than at any time in the last 800,000 years.
We often call the result global warming, but it is causing a set of changes to the Earth's climate, or long-term weather patterns, that varies from place to place. While many people think of global warming and climate change as synonyms, scientists use “climate change” when describing the complex shifts now affecting our planet’s weather and climate systems—in part because some areas actually get cooler in the short term.
Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. All of those changes are emerging as humans continue to add heat-trapping greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, changing the rhythms of climate that all living things have come to rely on.
What will we do—what can we do—to slow this human-caused warming? How will we cope with the changes we've already set into motion? While we struggle to figure it all out, the fate of the Earth as we know it—coasts, forests, farms, and snow-capped mountains—hangs in the balance.

Understanding the greenhouse effect

The "greenhouse effect" is the warming that happens when certain gases in Earth's atmosphere trap heat. These gases let in light but keep heat from escaping, like the glass walls of a greenhouse, hence the name.
Sunlight shines onto the Earth's surface, where the energy is absorbed and then radiate back into the atmosphere as heat. In the atmosphere, greenhouse gas molecules trap some of the heat, and the rest escapes into space. The more greenhouse gases concentrate in the atmosphere, the more heat gets locked up in the molecules.
Scientists have known about the greenhouse effect since 1824, when Joseph Fourier calculated that the Earth would be much colder if it had no atmosphere. This natural greenhouse effect is what keeps the Earth's climate livable. Without it, the Earth's surface would be an average of about 60 degrees Fahrenheit (33 degrees Celsius) cooler.



A polar bear stands sentinel on Rudolf Island in Russia’s Franz Josef Land archipelago, where the perennial ice is melting.

In 1895, the Swedish chemist Svante Arrhenius discovered that humans could enhance the greenhouse effect by making carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. He kicked off 100 years of climate research that has given us a sophisticated understanding of global warming.

Levels of greenhouse gases have gone up and down over the Earth's history, but they had been fairly constant for the past few thousand years. Global average temperatures had also stayed fairly constant over that time—until the past 150 years. Through the burning of fossil fuels and other activities that have emitted large amounts of greenhouse gases, particularly over the past few decades, humans are now enhancing the greenhouse effect and warming Earth significantly, and in ways that promise many effects, scientists warn.

Aren't temperature changes natural?

Human activity isn't the only factor that affects Earth's climate. Volcanic eruptions and variations in solar radiation from sunspots, solar wind, and the Earth's position relative to the sun also play a role. So do large-scale weather patterns such as El Niño.
But climate models that scientists use to monitor Earth’s temperatures take those factors into account. Changes in solar radiation levels as well as minute particles suspended in the atmosphere from volcanic eruptions, for example, have contributed only about two percent to the recent warming effect. The balance comes from greenhouse gases and other human-caused factors, such as land use change.
The short timescale of this recent warming is singular as well. Volcanic eruptions, for example, emit particles that temporarily cool the Earth's surface. But their effect lasts just a few years. Events like El Niño also work on fairly short and predictable cycles. On the other hand, the types of global temperature fluctuations that have contributed to ice ages occur on a cycle of hundreds of thousands of years.
For thousands of years now, emissions of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere have been balanced out by greenhouse gases that are naturally absorbed. As a result, greenhouse gas concentrations and temperatures have been fairly stable, which has allowed human civilization to flourish within a consistent climate.



Greenland is covered with a vast amount of ice—but the ice is melting four times faster than thought, suggesting that Greenland may be approaching a dangerous tipping point, with implications for global sea-level rise.

Now, humans have increased the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by more than a third since the Industrial Revolution. Changes that have historically taken thousands of years are now happening over the course of decades.

Why does this matter?

The rapid rise in greenhouse gases is a problem because it’s changing the climate faster than some living things can adapt to. Also, a new and more unpredictable climate poses unique challenges to all life.
Historically, Earth's climate has regularly shifted between temperatures like those we see today and temperatures cold enough to cover much of North America and Europe with ice. The difference between average global temperatures today and during those ice ages is only about 9 degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees Celsius), and the swings have tended to happen slowly, over hundreds of thousands of years.
But with concentrations of greenhouse gases rising, Earth's remaining ice sheets such as Greenland and Antarctica are starting to melt too. That extra water could raise sea levels significantly, and quickly. By 2050, sea levels are predicted to rise between one and 2.3 feet as glaciers melt.
As the mercury rises, the climate can change in unexpected ways. In addition to sea levels rising, weather can become more extreme. This means more intense major storms, more rain followed by longer and drier droughts—a challenge for growing crops—changes in the ranges in which plants and animals can live, and loss of water supplies that have historically come from glaciers.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDm-pYduXB4

Summer in the city by the Lovi´n spoonful