sábado, 1 de agosto de 2015

332. "SMOG"


Smog is a new word coined in the the early 1900s.
Two words are used: Smoke + fog = Smog (Humo mas niebla).
So, when there is a lot of pollution, you can see a thick brown fog called smog.
 Smog in Madrid

When you are on top of a high mountain or coming into the city from the countryside, then you will see the smog that looks like brown smoke when there is a fire.
As you can see from the photo above, living and breathing this smog can have serious consequences for people´s health.
In the past, smoke was caused by burning coal and industrial areas.
Today, most of the smog is called photochemical smog.
This smog is produced when sunlight reacts with nitrogen oxides and one vollatile organic compound in the atmosphere.
Nitrogen oxides come from car exhaust and factory imissions.
The big problem is that there are a lot of cars in the city and people arebreathing toxic fumes.
There are studies which say that the diesel exhaust from cars can cause severe lung problems, and evenlung cancer. 
Therefore, smog is unhealthy to humans and animals.
Smog contains a health-harming pollutant called ozone.
High levels of ozone can cause difficulty in breathing because ozone can have negative effects in the lungs.
If you breathe deeply, you will feel a little irritation in the upper part of the chest.
If a person suffers from asthma, high levels of bad ozone can trigger asthma attacks.
Climate change also increases the amount of ozone. Temperatures have risen 2 degrees in the past century.
The planet Earth will be a dangerous place to live in many countries if mankind doesn´t do anything to clean the atmosphere..... and use alternative energies instead of using petrol.
Our planet is getting too hot, the Arctic is melting and 
people will die if we don´t make the planet Earth clean 
So remember, somtimes if there is a lot of smog pollution in the air, it´s a good idea to wear a surgical mask when walking in the street, riding a bicycle or a motorcycle.
Coined = inventaron
Early = principios 
A lot of = mucho
Thick = denso
Fog = niebla
Top = cima
Countryside = el campo
Looks like = se parece
Most = la mayoria
Coal = carbon
Breathing = respirando
Fumes = humos
Even = incluso
Therefore = por tanto
Unhealthy =  dañino
Health-harming = dañino para la salud
Lungs = pulmones
Deeply = profundamente
Upper part = parte superior
Chest = pecho
Trigger = desencadenar
Risen = subido
Mankind = humanidad
Wear = llevar
Instead = en lugar
So = así que 

Listen to the Platters sing with the lyrics, "Smoke gets in your eyes" = El humo entra en tus ojos

3 comentarios:

  1. buenos días Alan, lo primero felicidades por el maravilloso trabajo que haces para nosotros, últimamente intento dedicarle todo el tiempo posible a tu blog y espero algún día poderte escribir todo esto en inglés, te quería hacer una pregunta he intentado buscar tu libro por amazon pero no lo he encontrado! sabes dónde puedo encontrarlo?, thanks!!!

  2. Muchas gracias profe Alan por todo el tiempo invertido en este Blog. Este Blog realmente es una joya para quienes desean aprender inglés. Nuevamente gracias por compartir tus conocimientos.Sigue adelante que nosotros seguiremos valorando tu esfuerzo.
    Miguel, desde Bolivia.